The Dream City, Paul V. Galvin 
Digital History Collection
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  FORTUNA - The Greek goddes Tyche was one of the ocean nymphs, and Pindar calls her the child of Jupiter Elentherius. Several cities had her temples, and, in the Theban worship, an image of Tyche held Plutus as a babe in her arms, indicating that Forune was either the mother or the nurse of Wealth. In the temple at Smyrna, Tyche held a hemisphere on her head and the horn of Amalthala, the divine goat, in her hand. The worship of Tyche (translated into Latin, Fortuna) took still deeper root in the Roman Republic, although she was sometimes called Nortia and Nersia. Splendid temples were erected in her name at Antiuno and Praeneste. Rome had two temples of Fortune - one of the Bona or Virgo Fortuna, the other of Fors Fortuna. The classic authorities on this subject are Hesiod, Pausanias and Pindar for the Greeks, and Ovid and Livy for the Romans. See also the essay of Plutarch on "The Fortune of the Romans." The statue portrayed in our engraving was the more beautiful of the two marble Fortunas that were shown at the Exposition in Chicago. Both stood on wheels, out of which treasure poured. The other was by Moreau-Van Nier, of Paris, and his slightly-draped figure held the Amalthaean horn, as in Greece. But the work before us, baring a lengthening of the forefoot on the wheel, made necessary for the support, was admired by all who saw it. It was not catalogued.
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Page created: August 26, 1998