The Dream City, Paul V. Galvin 
Digital History Collection
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  THE TOTEM POLES - In the Anthropological Building was the model, over fifty feet long, of the village of Skidgate, British Columbia, giving the method of building the street, and displaying the history of the family on carved timbers, or poles. Outdoors, on the borders of the South Pond, where lay the Whaler Progress, was built a real camp or village of the Quackuhl Indians, with these same totem poles in their actual condition, as brought from the Northwest. The tribal conditions of savage, or semi-savage men, are now the same as when the Jews left Egypt, or the Mayas and Incas dwelt in Central and South America. The tribe divides into phratries, or brotherhoods, and the phratries into gentes, but a geno or family is always more numerous than a family in civilized life. No man can marry into his own phratry, hence his history always included that of two phratries. These poles are carved at much expense, and the richest member of the village gives the longest history in the highest pole, telling many incidents in the career of his ancestors by means of the strange and hideous faces carved thereon. A man's face carved at the base will signify the Brown Bear, and so conventional are the signs that they rarely possess any resemblance to the thing they stand for. On top of the pole usually perches the raven, vulture, or other bird which names the phratry. The Quackuhls, at the Exposition, lived in these huts shown in the photograph.
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Digital History Collection
Page created: August 26, 1998